Structure of a laminate floor
Laminate is made up of six layers:
- Decorative layer
- Antistatic paper
- HDF core material
- Stabilising layer
- Footfall and impact sound insulation
The first of a total of six layers in laminate flooring are overlays. Overlays are light, transparent paper webs that are wetted with liquid melamine resin in an impregnation bath. As a core material, the paper absorbs the resins.
The next layer in the structure of a laminate floor is the decorative layer. Decor papers are printed papers with wood or stone structure imitations. The printed papers are soaked in melamine resin and pressed on the top side of the coreboard under heat and pressure together with the overlay.
All antistatic floors from LOGOCLIC® are equipped with an innovative layer directly under the surface that offers comprehensive protection against unpleasant discharge. Guarantees a permanent antistatic effect – far below the permissible individual voltage for antistatic flooring (DIN EN 1815; DIN IEC 1340-4-1), graded as ASF2 class 2.
This is a wood-based board made from wood fibre. It has a very homogeneous structure and closed surfaces as well as a high density and, thus, also an improved bending and transverse tensile strength.
The stabilising layer is made up of resin-impregnated papers and are attached to the bottom of the laminate panels mainly in order to balance the tension to the overlay and the decor paper on the top.
Footfall and impact sound insulation is the sixth and final layer in the laminate structure. Our unique Silentos Pro system is a 2.0 mm thick PO foam that reduces the footfall sounds in the room by 50% and the impact sounds by 30%. Floorings featuring the Silentos Pro system withstand all kinds of loads with ease and are ideally suitable for laying on hot water underfloor heating.